Plantar Fascia is a thin ligament that connects the heel to the front of your foot. This ligament plays an instrumental role in a person’s ability to walk. Due to the strain when walking, this ligament suffers tear and wear every day. However, if it is subjected to extreme pressure, it can suffer gross tear and wear resulting to a painful condition known as Plantar Fasciitis.
The pain is usually worse, especially when one is starting to walk. Different people report varying sensations from a dull pain to a very sharp pain. Depending on the level of the inflammation due to the tear, one can be incapacitated to walk or walk up the stairs.
Causes of Plantar Fasciitis
Gaining a lot of weight, especially over a short period of time, is one of the major predisposing factors. The weight of the body exerts undue pressure on the ligament increasing its level of tear and wear. This makes it suffer major injuries resulting in inflammation.
Another aspect is being overweight and being engaged in work that requires one to be standing and walking frequently. This also adds more pressure onto the ligament increasing a person’s chance of developing Plantar Fasciitis.
Pregnancy involves gaining extra pounds over a limited period of time. This adds more weight onto the ligament that were adapted to supporting a persons previous lesser weight. If a person who is pregnant is involved in a lot of walking, it increases their probability in damaging the ligament thereby developing the condition.
Usually one has higher chances of developing Planta Fasciitis as one progresses through the pregnancy. This is due to the increase in weight. Therefore, the highest chances of developing the condition are in the third trimester.
Typically, when ones walking, the plantar fascia suffers minor tear and wear. Therefore, to a runner who practices frequently, the rate of tear and wear is much higher than for a person who does the normal jogging. Therefore, a runner has higher chances of developing Plantar Fasciiitis.
There are some aspects that increase the chances of a runner to develop the condition. The first is sudden increase in their mileage. This creates more pressure on the ligament since it had been used to support the foot for a certain distance. The second factor is poor foot structure while running. This is the reason it is very important for a novice runner to get advice from a professional trainer so as to avoid injury early in their career. Wearing inappropriate running shoes can also predispose the ligament to injury since the shoe isn’t supporting the foot when running.
Age is another risk factor. Plantar Fasciitis is more common in people between the age of 40-60 years. This could be because they are the most active years when one weight has also increased. Also the ligament has suffered accumulated tear and wear over a long period of years.
There are aspects of the foot mechanic that can predispose one to the condition. For example, having a high arch or even having a certain walking style. These can increase the pressure on the ligament leading to Plantar Fasciitis.